What is “Vegetarianism”?
Definition: Vegetarianism is the practice of following a plant-based diet including fruits, vegetables, cereal grains, nuts, and seeds, with or without dairy products and eggs.
A vegetarian does not eat meat. This means no:
- red meat
- products of animal slaughter such as animal-derived gelatin and rennet
There are a number of types of vegetarianism, which exclude or include various foods:
- Lacto-ovo vegetarianism: includes animal products such as eggs, milk, and honey
- Lacto vegetarianism: includes milk but not eggs
- Ovo vegetarianism: includes eggs but not milk
- Veganism: excludes all animal flesh and animal products, including milk, honey, eggs
- Raw veganism: includes only fresh and uncooked fruit, nuts, seeds, and vegetables
- Fruitarianism: permits only fruit, nuts, seeds, and other plant matter that can be gathered without harming the plant
- Su vegetarianism (such as in Buddhism): excludes all animal products as well as vegetables in the allium family (which have the characteristic aroma of onion and garlic): onion, garlic, scallions, leeks, or shallots
- Macrobiotic diets: consist mostly of whole grains and beans